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Bioinstrumentation and BioMEMS Laboratory

Research Highlight:


Biosensors produce complex outputs which we interpret using machine learning algorithms. We can then visualize grouping of data based on patterns of biomarkers from the original samples.

PUBLICATIONS (comprehensive listing by year)

Thank you for taking the time to look through our total published work over many years. This page lists the comprehensive total of all of our published work. We publish in several different discipline areas, and we also provide links to sub-categories of our work for easy reference (listed below).

            To view our published work on non-invasive breath analysis, please click HERE.

            To view our published work on agriculture monitoring, please click HERE.

            To view our published work on instrumentation and novel sensor development, please click HERE.

            To view our published work on algorithms and data analysis, please click HERE.


Zamuruyev KO, Schmidt AJ, Borras E, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2018) Power efficient, self-cleaning hydrophilic condenser surface for portable exhaled breath condensate (EBC) metabolomic sampling. Journal of Breath Research 12: 036020. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7163/aac5a5

Yamaguchi MS, McCartney MM, Linderholm AL, Ebeler SE, Schivo M, Davis CE*. (2018) Headspace sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method to measure volatile emissions from human airway cell cultures. Journal of Chromatography B 1090: 36-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2018.05.009

Zamuruyev KO, Borras E, Pettit DR, Aksenov AA, Simmons JD, Weimer BC, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2018) Effect of temperature control on the metabolite content in exhaled breath condensate. Analytica Chimica Acta 1006: 49-60. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.12.025

McCartney MM, Roubtsova TV, Yamaguchi MS, Kasuga T, Ebeler SE, Davis CE, Bostock RM*. (2018) Effects of phytophthora ramorum on volatile organic compound emissions of rhododendron using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 410(5), 1475-1487. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0789-5

Schivo M, McCartney MM, Yamaguchi MS, Borras E, Davis CE*. (2018) CHAPTER 5: Bottom-up cell culture models to elucidate human in vitro biomarkers of lung infection. Volatiles Metabolomics Analysis in Biomedical Diagnosis Applications (editors Cumeras R, Correig X), Apple Academic Press, Inc. pp. xxx-xxx. ISBN: 9781771887441. (in press)

Hichwa PT, Davis CE*. (2018) Chapter XX: Modern application potential of miniature chemical sensors. Sensors for diagnostics and monitoring (editors Iniewski K, Yallup K), CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group. pp. xxx-xxx. ISBN: xxx-x-xxx-xxxxx-x. (in press)


Borras E, Aksenov AA, Baird M, Novick B, Schivo M, Zamuruyev KO, Pasamontes A, Parry C, Foutouhi S, Venn-Watson S, Weimer BC, Davis CE*. (2017) Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) methods adapted from human studies using longitudinal metabolomics for predicting early health alterations in dolphins. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 409(28), 6523-6536. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-017-0581-6

McCartney MM, Zrodnikov Y, Fung AG, LeVasseur MK, Pedersen JM, Zamuruyev KO, Aksenov AA, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2017) An easy to manufacture micro gas preconcentrator for chemical sensing applications ACS Sensors 2(8): 1167-1174. DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.7b00289

Aksenov AA, Zamuruyev KO, Pasamontes A, Brown JF, Schivo M, Foutouhi S, Weimer BC, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2017) Analytical methodologies for broad metabolite coverage of exhaled breath condensate. Journal of Chromatography B 1061-1062: 17-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.06.038

Pasamontes A, Aksenov AA, Schivo M, Rowles TK, Smith CR, Schwacke LH, Well RS, Yeates L, Venn-Watson S, Davis CE*. (2017) Non-invasive respiratory metabolite analysis associated with clinical disease in cetaceans: a Deepwater Horizon oil spill study. Environmental Science & Technology 51(10):5737-5746. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b06482

Schivo M, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Cumeras R, Weisker S, Oberbauer AM, Davis CE*. (2017) A Rabbit Model for Assessment of Volatile Metabolite Changes Observed from Skin: a Pressure Ulcer Case Study. Journal of Breath Research 11(1): 016007. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7163/11/1/016007

Zamuruyev KO, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Brown JF, Pettit DR, Foutouhi S, Weimer BC, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2017) Human breath metabolomics using an optimized non-invasive respiratory sampler for health diagnostics. Journal of Breath Research 11(1): 016001. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7163/11/1/016001


Zamuruyev KO, Zrodnikov Y, Davis CE*. (2016) Photolithography-free laser-patterned HF acid-resistant chromium-polyimide mask for rapid fabrication of microfluidic systems in glass. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 37(1): 015010. DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/27/1/015010

Zamuruyev KO, Baird M, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Perry C, Foutouhi S, Venn-Watson S, Weimer BC, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2016) Enhanced non-invasive respiratory sampling from bottlenose dolphins for breath metabolomics measurements. Journal of Breath Research 10(4): 046005. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/10/4/046005

Cumeras R, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Fung AG, Cianchetta AN, Doan H, Davis RM, Davis CE*. (2016) Identification of fungal metabolites from inside Gallus gallus domesticus eggshells by non-invasively detecting volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 408(24): 6649-6658. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9778-3

Peirano DJ, Pasamontes A, Davis CE*. (2016) Supervised semi-automated data analysis software for gas chromatography / differential mobility spectrometry (GC/DMS) metabolomics applications. International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry 19(2): 155-166. DOI: 10.1007/s12127-016-0200-9

Filipiak W, Mochalski P, Filipiak A, Ager C, Cumeras R, Davis CE, Agapiou A, Unterkofler K, Troppmair J. (2016) Arriving at the human volatilome: A review of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released by different cell types. Current Medicinal Chemistry 23: 1-20.

Zamuruyev KO, Zrodnikov Y, Davis CE*. (2016) Photolithography-free laser-patterned HF acid-resistant chromium-polyimide mask for rapid fabrication of microfluidic systems in glass. Technical Digest: Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Workshop 2016 Hilton Head, SC, USA. 05-09 JUN 2016. pp. 172-175.

Pasamontes A, Cheung WHK, Simmons J, Aksenov AA, Peirano DJ, Grafton-Cardwell EE, Kapaun T, Dandekar AM, Fiehn O, Davis CE*. (2016) Citrus tristeza virus infection in sweet orange trees and a mandarin x tangor cross alters low molecular weight metabolites assessed using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Metabolomics 12(3): 1-10. DOI: 10.1007/s11306-016-0959-z

McCartney MM, Spitulski SL, Pasamontes A, Peirano DJ, Schirle MJ, Cumeras R, Simmons JD, Ware JL, Brown JF, Poh AJY, Dike SC, Foster EK, Godfrey KE, Davis CE*. (2016) Coupling a branch enclosure with differential mobility spectrometry to isolate and measure plant volatiles in contained greenhouse settings. Talanta 146, 148-154. DOI: 10.1007/s11306-015-0807-6

Martini X, Aksenov AA, Davis CE, Stelinski LL. (2016) Complex citrus lures to trap and control ACP. Citrograph 7(1): 52-54. LINK

Hunter GW, Dweik RA, Makel DB, Grigsby CC, Mayes RS, Davis CE. (2016) Portable Breath Monitoring: A New Frontier in Personalized Health Care. Electrochemical Society ECS Interface Magazine 25(4): 63-67.

Godfrey K, Araujo K, Vidalakis G, Slupsky C, Davis CE, Leveau J, Hajeri S, Jin H, Keremane M. (2016) Are Early Detection Methods for HLB Impacted by the Presence of Citrus Stubborn and Citrus Tristeza Diseases in California? Citrograph 8(2): 48-50.


Chen R, Crawford K, Davis CE, Eshani R, Vougioukas S, Upadhyaya S. (2015) The drones are coming. Citrograph 6(4): 18-23. LINK

Cheung WHK§, Pasamontes A§, Peirano DJ, Zhao W, Grafton-Cardwell EE, Kapaun T, Yakomi RK, Simmons J, Swe M, Fiehn O, Dandekar AM, Davis CE*. (2015) Volatile organic compound (VOC) profiling of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) infection in Valencia citrus varietals using thermal desorption gas chromatography time of flight mass spectrometry (TD-GC/TOF-MS). (§joint first authors) Metabolomics 11(6): 1514-1525. DOI: 10.1007/s11306-015-0807-6

Franssila S, Davis CE, LeVasseur MK, Cao Z, Yobas L. (2015) Chapter 27: Microfluidics and BioMEMS in Silicon. Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, 2nd Edition (editors Lindroos, Motooka, Franssila, Paulasto-Krockel, Tilli, Airaksinen) pp. 565-582. Elsevier Publishers. ISBN: 978-0-323-29965-7. LINK

Figueroa JA, Mansoor JK, Allen RP, Davis CE, Walby WF, Aksenov AA, Zhao W, Lewis WR, Schelegle ES*. (2015) Exhaled volatile organic compounds in individuals with a history of high altitude pulmonary edema and varying hypoxia-induced responses. Journal of Breath Research 9(2): 026004. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/9/2/026004

Cumeras R, Figueras E, Davis CE, Baumbach JI, Gracia I*. (2015) Review on Ion Mobility Spectrometry. Part 1: Current Instrumentation. Analyst 140: 1376-1390. DOI: 10.1039/C4AN01100G

Cumeras R, Figueras E, Davis CE, Baumbach JI, Gracia I*. (2015) Review on Ion Mobility Spectrometry. Part 2: Hyphenated Methods and Effects of Experimental Parameters. Analyst 140: 1391-1410. DOI: 10.1039/C4AN01101E

Kwan AM§, Fung AG§, Jansen PA, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2015) Personal lung function monitoring device for asthma patients. (§joint first authors) IEEE Sensors 15(4): 2238-2247. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2014.2373134

Thuesen L, Pavlovsky I, Fink R*, Pasamontes A, Aksenov AA, Davis CE. (2015) Field deployable VOC analyzer for early detection of citrus pathogens. Citrograph 6(3): 60-63. LINK


Aksenov AA, Martini X, Zhao W, Stelinski LL, Davis CE*. (2014) Synthetic blends of volatile, phytopathogen-induced odorants can be used to manipulate vector behavior. Frontiers of Ecology and Evolution (Nature Publishing Group) 2: 78. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2014.00078

Aksenov AA, Yeates L, Pasamontes A, Siebe CA, Zrodnikov Y, Simmons J, McCartney MM, Delplanque JP, Wells RS, Davis CE*. (2014) Metabolite content profiling of bottlenose dolphin exhaled breath. Analytical Chemistry 86(21): 10616-10624. DOI: 10.1021/ac5024217

Cumeras R§, Cheung WHK§, Goley D, Gulland F, Davis CE*. (2014) Chemical analysis of whale breath volatiles: a case study for non-invasive field health diagnostics of marine mammals. (§joint first authors) Metabolites 4(3): 790-806. DOI: 10.3390/metabo4030790

Zamuruyev KO, Bardaweel HK, Carron CJ, Kenyon NJ, Brand O, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2014) Continuous droplet removal upon dropwise condensation of humid air on a hydrophobic micropatterned surface. Langmuir 30(33): 10133-10142. DOI: 10.1021/la5004462

Schivo M, Aksenov AA, Linderholm AL, McCartney MM, Simmons J, Harper RW, Davis CE*. (2014) Volatile emanations from in vitro airway cells infected with human rhinovirus. Journal of Breath Research 8(3): 037110. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/8/3/037110

Aksenov AA, Sandrock CE, Zhao W, Sankaran S, Schivo M, Harper RH, Cardona C, Zheng X, Davis CE*. (2014) Cellular scent of influenza virus infection. ChemBioChem 15(7): 1040-1048. DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201300695

Mansoor JK, Schelegle ES*, Davis CE, Walby WF, Zhao W, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Figueroa J, Allen RL. (2014) Analysis of volatile compounds in exhaled breath condensate in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. PLoS One 9(4): e95331. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095331

Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Peirano DJ, Zhao W, Dandekar AM, Fiehn O, Eshani R, Davis CE*. (2014) Detection of Huanglongbing disease using differential mobility spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 86(5): 2481-2488. DOI: 10.1021/ac403469y

Martinelli F*, Scalenghe R, Davino S, Panno S, Ruisi P, Stroppiana D, Boschetti M, Villa P, Goulart R, Davis CE, Dandekar AM. (2014) Advanced Methods of Plant Disease Detection. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 1: 1-25. DOI: 10.1007/s13593-014-0246-1

Martinelli F*, Scalenghe R, Giovino A, Pasquale M, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Peirano DJ, Davis CE, Dandekar AM. (2014) A translational genomic approach for early and infield detection of flavescence doree. Plant Biosystems 1: 1-12. DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2014.908976

Chin E, Mishchuk D, Bruce J, Cilia M, Coaker G, Davis CE, Jin H, Ma W, LeVesque C, Sellar G, Godfrey K, Slupsky C. (2014) An interdisciplinary approach to combat HLB: Research in UC Davis' Contained Research Facility. Citrograph 5(1): 28-34. LINK


Schivo M, Aksenov AA, Yeates LC, Pasamontes A, Davis CE*. (2013) Diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: possibilities of a new breath test in a dolphin model. Frontiers in Endocrinology (Nature Publishing Group) Volume 4: article 163. DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2013.00163

Martinelli F, Reagan RL, Uratsua S, Phu ML, Albrecht U, Zhao W, Davis CE, Bowman KD, Dandekar AM*. (2013) Gene regulatory networks to clarify Huanglongbing disease mechanisms. PLoS One 8(9): e74256. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074256

Davis CE*, Epton M, Frank M, Gryshuk A, Kenyon NJ. (2013) Emerging topics and new developments in the field: the 2012 International Breath Analysis Meeting. Journal of Breath Research 7(3): 039001. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/7/3/039001

Zrodnikov Y, Zamuruyev K, Pedersen JD, Fung AG, Peirano DJ, Schirle MJ, Panigrahy A, Pasamontes A, Cheung WHK, Aksenov AA, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2013) Design criteria for portable point-of-care breath analysis systems. Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems 16-20 JUN 2013, Barcelona, Spain. DOI: 10.1109/Transducers.2013.6627096

Straume T*, Loftus DJ, Li J, Coleman MA, Davis CE, McMonigal KA, Piccini M, Singh AK. (2013) Biomarker-detection technologies for comprehensive medical diagnosis during deep-space missions. Recent Patents in Space Biotechnology 3: 13-23. DOI: 10.2174/18776116112029990009

Hunt KE*, Moore MJ, Rolland RM, Kellar N, Hall AJ, Kershaw J, Raverty SA, Davis CE, Yeates L, Fauquier D, Kraus S. (2013) Opening the biggest black box: new approaches to the study of conservation physiology of large whales. Conservation Physiology 1: cot006-cot006. DOI: 10.1093/conphys/cot006

Schivo M, Seichter F, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Peirano DJ, Mizaikoff B, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2013) Mobile instrumentation platform to distinguish airway disorders. Journal of Breath Research 7(1):017113. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/7/1/017113

Peirano DJ, Aksenov AA, Pasamontes A, Davis CE*. (2013) Chapter 18: Approaches for Establishing Methodologies in Metabolomic Studies for Clinical Diagnostics. Medical Applications of Artificial Intelligence (ed. Arvin Agah). CRC Press, Taylor Francis Group. pp. 279-304. ISBN: 978-1-439-88433-1. LINK

Aksenov AA, Guaman Novillo AV, Sankaran S, Fung AG, Pasamontes A, Martinelli F, Cheung WHK, Eshani R, Dandekar AM, Davis CE*. (2013) Chapter 6: Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) for Non-Invasive Plant Diagnostics. Natural Products for Pest Management (eds. J Beck, JR Coats, SO Duke, ME Koivunen). ACS Symposium Book Series, American Chemical Society. pp. 73-95. ISBN 978-0-8412-2900-6. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2013-1141.ch006

Aksenov AA, Schivo M, Bardaweel H, Zrodnikov Y, Kwan AM, Zamuruyev K, Cheung WHK, Peirano DJ, Davis CE*. (2013) Chapter 8. Volatile organic compounds in human breath: biogenic origin and point-of-care analysis approaches. Volatile Biomarkers: Non-invasive Diagnosis in Physiology and Medicine (ed. David Smith, Anton Amann). Elsevier. pp. 129-154. ISBN: 978-0-444-62613-4. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-44-462613-4.00008-8


Bardaweel H, Zamuruyev K, Delplanque JP, Kenyon NJ, Carron C, Brand O, Davis CE*. (2012) Microscale surface energy properties for enhanced surface condensation and sampling of exhaled breath metabolites. Technical Digest: Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Workshop Editors Mehregany M, Monk DJ. 2012 Hilton Head, SC, USA. 03-07 JUN 2012. pp. 239-242. LINK

Aksenov AA, Kapron J, Davis CE. (2012) Predicting compensation voltage for singly-charged ions in high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS). Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry 23(10): 1794-1798. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-012-0427-6

Martinelli F, Uratsu S, Albrecht U, Reagan RL, Phu ML, Britton M, Buffalo V, Fass J, Leicht E, Zhao W, Lin D, D'Souza R, Davis CE, Bowman KD, Dandekar AM*. (2012) Transcriptome profiling of citrus fruit in response to Huanglongbing disease. PLoS ONE 7(5): e38039. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038039

Zrodnikov Y, Davis CE*. (2012) The highs and lows of FAIMS: predictions and future trends for high field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry. Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology Volume 3, Issue 5: e109. DOI: 10.4172/2157-7439.1000e109

Aksenov AA§, Gojova A§, Zhao W, Morgan JT, Sankaran S, Sandrock C, Davis CE*. (2012) Characterization of volatile organic compounds in human leukocyte antigen heterologous expression systems: a cell's "chemical odor fingerprint" (§joint first authors) ChemBioChem 13(7): 1053-1059. DOI: 10.1002/c bic.201200011

Lay-Ekuakille A, Davis CE, Kanoun O, Li Z, Trabacca A. (2012) Editorial: Special Issue on Sensors for noninvasive physiological monitoring. IEEE Sensors Journal 12(3): 413-414. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2011.2168299

Bumatay A§, Chan R§, Lauher K§, Kwan AM, Stoltz T, Delplanque JP, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2012) Coupled mobile phone platform with peak flow meter enables real-time lung function assessment. (§joint first authors) IEEE Sensors Journal 12(3): 685-691. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2011.2143403

Panigrahy A, Delplanque JP, Davis CE*. (2012) Chapter 7: Future directions for breath sensors. Integrated Microsystems and Nanotechnology: MEMS, Biological, Photonics and Sensors Platform. (editor K. Iniewski). pp. 171-199. CRC Press, Taylor Francis Group. ISBN: 978-1439836200. LINK

Aksenov AA, Cheung WHK, Zhao W, Bardaweel H, Martinelli F, Fiehn O, Dandekar AM, Davis CE*. (2012) Reagentless detection of citrus pathogens using differential mobility spectrometry. Citrograph 3(2): 54-56. LINK


Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2011) A modified artificial immune system based pattern recognition approach - An application to clinical diagnostics. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 52(1): 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.artmed.2011.03.001

Schivo M, Akesnov AA, Bardaweel H, Zhao W, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2011) Building biomarker libraries with novel chemical sensors: correlating differential mobility spectrometer signal outputs with mass spectrometry data. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 18 (2011) 212003 (doi:10.1088/1757-899X/18/21/212003) DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/18/21/212003

Fortenko O, Zeki A, Schuster G, Davis CE, Allayee H, Stephensen CB, Kenyon NJ*. (2011) Can fish oil supplements be used to treat severe asthmatic patients? California Agriculture 65(3): 106-111. DOI: 10.3733/ca.v065n03pXX

Dandekar AM*, Martinelli F, Zhao W, Bhushan A, Davis CE, Skogerson K, Fiehn O, Leicht E, D'Souza R. (2011) Non-destructive disease detection in citrus through the analysis of induced volatile organic compounds. Citrograph 1(5):17-20. LINK


Dandekar AM*, Martinelli F, Davis CE, Bhushan A, Zhao W, Fiehn O, Skogerson K, Wohlgemuth G, D'Souza R, Roy S, Reagan R, Lin D, Bruening G, Cary RB, Pardington P, Gupta G. (2010) Analysis of early host responses for asymptomatic disease detection and management of specialty crops. Critical Reviews in Immunology 30(3): 277-289. DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v30.i3.50

Sankaran S, Mishra AR, Ehsani R*, Davis CE. (2010) A review of advanced techniques for detecting plant diseases. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 72: 1-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.compag.2010.02.007

Han H, Bhushan A, Yaghmaie F, Davis CE*. (2010) Direct thermal-UV nanoimprint of an iron-containing organometallic hybrid film. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology - Part B 28(1): 78-81. DOI: 10.1116/1.3271337

Strand N, Bhushan A, Schivo M, Kenyon N, Davis CE*. (2010) Chemically polymerized polypyrrole for on-chip concentration of volatile breath metabolites. Sensors and Actuators B 143(2): 516-523. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2009.09.052

Han H, Bissell J, Yaghmaie F, Davis CE*. (2010) Polymeric acrylate-based hybrid films containing lead and iron patterned by UV photo-polymerization. Langmuir 26(1): 515-520. DOI: 10.1021/la902195k

Nording M, Yang J, Hegedus CM, Bhushan A, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE, Hammock BD*. (2010) Endogenous levels of five fatty acid metabolites in exhaled breath condensate to monitor for asthma by high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. IEEE Sensors Journal special issue "Sensors for Breath Analysis" 10(1): 123-130. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2009.2035736

Davis CE*, Bogan MJ, Sankaran S, Molina MA, Loyola BR, Zhao W, Benner WH, Schivo M, Farquar GR, Kenyon NJ, Frank M. (2010) Volatile and non-volatile analysis of biomarkers in human breath using differential mobility spectrometry. IEEE Sensors Journal special issue "Sensors for Breath Analysis" 10(1): 114-122. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2009.2033562

Davis CE*, Frank M*, Mizaikoff B*, Oser H*. (2010) EDITORIAL: The future of sensors and instrumentation for human breath analysis. IEEE Sensors Journal special issue "Sensors for Breath Analysis" 10(1): 3-6. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2009.2035675

Bhushan A, Han H, Sutherland A, Boehme S, Yaghmaie F, Davis CE*. (2010) Generation of paramagnetic hybrid inorganic/organic thin films. Applied Organometallic Chemistry 24(7): 530-532. DOI: 10.1002/aoc.1653

Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2010) Ant colony optimization: a powerful strategy for biomarker feature selection. Swarm Intelligence. (editor L.P. Waters) Nova Science Publishers, Inc. (Hauppauge, NY). ISBN: 978-1-61728-602-5. LINK

Zhao W, Bhushan A, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2010) Miniature differential mobility spectrometry (DMS) advances towards portable autonomous health diagnostic systems. Wearable and Autonomous Biomedical Devices and Systems: New issues and Characterization. (editors S.C. Mukhopadhyay and A. Lay-Ekuakille) pp. 144-165. Springer-Verlag (Berlin, Heidelberg), ISBN: 978-3-642-05166-1. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15687-8_3

Simon MG, Davis CE*. (2010) Instrumentation and sensors for human breath analysis. Advances in Biomedical Sensing, Measurements, Instrumentation and Systems (eds. S.C. Mukhopadhyay and A. Lay-Ekuakille) pp. 144-165. Springer-Verlag Publishers (Berlin, Heidelberg). ISBN: 978-3-642-05166-1. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-05167-8_10

Bhushan A, Davis CE*. (2010) Chapter 29: Silicon based Bio-MEMS Devices: Micromachining Technologies. Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies (editors V. Lindroos, M. Tilli, A. Lehto, T. Motooka) pp. 489-498. Elsevier Publishers. ISBN: 978-0-8155-1594-4. LINK


Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2009) Swarm intelligence based wavelet coefficient feature selection for mass spectral classification: an application to proteomics data. Analytica Chimica Acta 651(1): 15-23. (paper reviewed and highlighted in feature article for SeparationNOW) DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2009.08.008

Strand NC, Davis CE*. (2009) Analytical methods in exhaled breath diagnostics. Separation Science 1(4): 20-28. (feature article, cover of issue)

Zhao W, Sankaran S, Ibanez AM, Dandekar AM, Davis CE*. (2009) Two-dimensional wavelet analysis based classification of gas chromatogram differential mobility spectrometry signals. Analytica Chimica Acta 647: 46-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2009.05.029

Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2009) Autoregressive model based feature extraction method for time shifted chromatography data. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 96(2): 252-257. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2009.02.010

Han H, Sutherland A, Yaghmaie F, Davis CE*. (2009) Development of a lead oxide photopatternable organic-inorganic film. Applied Physics Letters 94(14): 144106. DOI: 10.1063/1.3109798

Yaghmaie F, Nielsen W, Han H, Bhushan A, Davis CE*. (2009) A simplified method to produce a functional test stamp for nanoimprint lithography (NIL). IEEE Sensors Journal 9(3): 233-234. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2008.2011963

Katzenmeyer AM, Bayam Y, Logeeswaran VJ, Pitcher MW, Nur Y, Seyyidoglu S, Toppare LK, Talin AA, Han H, Davis CE, Islam MS*. (2009) Poly(hydridocarbyne) as a highly processable insulating polymer precursor to micro/nanostructures and graphite conductors. Journal of Nanomaterials 2009: 1-4. DOI: 10.1155/2009/832327

Cardona CJ*, Xing Z, Sandrock CE, Davis CE. (2009) Avian influenza in birds and animals. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 32(4): 255-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.cimid.2008.01.001


Molina M, Zhao W, Sankaran S, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2008) Design-of-experiment optimization of exhaled breath condensate analysis using a miniature differential mobility spectrometer (DMS). Analytica Chimica Acta 628: 155-161. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2008.09.010

Loyola B, Bhushan A, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2008) Temperature changes in exhaled breath condensate collection devices may affect observed biomarker concentrations. Journal of Breath Research 2: 1-7. DOI: 10.1088/1752-7155/2/3/037005

Ayer S, Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2008) Differentiation of proteins and viruses using pyrolysis gas chromatography differential mobility spectrometry (PY/GC/DMS) and pattern recognition. IEEE Sensors Journal 8(9): 1586-1592. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2008.923586

Zhao W, Bhushan A, Simon M, Santamaria A, Davis CE*. (2008) Machine learning: a crucial tool for developing sensors. Algorithms 1(2): 130-152. DOI: 10.3390/a1020130

Zhao W, Morgan JT, Davis CE*. (2008) Chemical sensor output classification based on complex coefficients of an autoregressive model. Journal of Sensors 2008: 1-8. DOI: 10.1155/2008/262501

Katzenmeyer AM, Bayam Y, Logeeswaran VJ, Pitcher MW, Nur Y, Seyyidoglu S, Toppare LK, Talin AA, Han H, Davis CE, Islam MS*. (2008) Poly(hydridocarbyne) as a highly processable insulating polymer precursor to micro/nanostructures and graphite conductors. The 8th International Conference on Nanotechnology 1: 1-3.

Abramowitch S, Cooper R, Dasco C, Davis C, Hampapur A, Mataric M, Peckham H, Wanagat J, Weinrich M, Barron N. (2008) "Develop Technological Interventions to Overcome Barriers to Independence and Community Participation" The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative: The Future of Human Healthspan: Demography, Evolution, Medicine, and Bioengineering, Task Group Summaries. The National Academies Press (Washington, DC), pp. 57-72. ISBN: 10: 0309115590. LINK


Zhao W, Davis CE*. (2007) Chapter 1: Pattern recognition algorithms to analyze data outputs from novel E-nose sensors. Pattern Recognition in Nanoscience (editor D.M. Perez) Nova Science Publishers, Inc. (Hauppauge, NY), pp. 1-32. ISBN: 978-1-60021-715-9. LINK

Sankaran S, Loyola B, Zhao W, Morgan JT, Molina M, Schivo M, Kenyon NJ, Davis CE*. (2007) Micromachined differential mobility spectrometers for breath analysis. Sensors, 2007 IEEE 1: 16-19. DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2007.4388324

Frank M*, Farquar G, Adams C, Bogan M, Martin A, Benner H, Spadaccini C, Steele P, Sankaran S, Loyola B, Morgan J, Davis CE. (2007) Modular sampling and analysis techniques for real-time analysis of human breath. Sensors, 2007 IEEE 1: 10-13. DOI: 10.1109/ICSENS.2007.4388322

Han Huilan, Davis CE*. (2007) Tutorial on chip-based electrophysiology to assess ion channel function. Nanomaterials Synthesis, Interfacing, and Integrating in Devices, Circuits, and Systems II. Proceedings of SPIE 6768(26): 1-10. DOI: 10.1117/12.737200


Krebs MD, Cohen SJ, Lowzo J, Kang J, Tingley RD, Davis CE*. (2006) Two-dimensional alignment of differential mobility spectrometer data. Sensors and Actuators B - Chemical 119: 475-482. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2005.12.058

Krebs MD, Mansfield B, Yip P, Cohen SJ, Sonenshein AL, Hitt B, Davis CE*. (2006) Spore biomarkers differentiate between closely-related Bacillus species using differential mobility spectrometry. Biomolecular Engineering 23(2): 119-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioeng.2005.12.003

Krebs MD, Tingley RD, Kang J, Zeskind JE, Holmboe ME, Davis CE*. (2006) Alignment of analytical sensor data by landmark selection from complex chemical mixtures. Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 81(1): 74-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.10.001

Morgan JT, Davis CE*. (2006) Differential mobility spectrometry applications in homeland security, clinical diagnostics and drug discovery. 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. November 5-10, 2006, Chicago, Illinois. IMECE2006-15937.


Shnayderman M, Mansfield B, Yip P, Clark HA, Krebs MD, Cohen SJ, Zeskind JE, Ryan ET, Dorkin HL, Callahan MV, Stair TO, Gelfand JA, Gill CJ, Hitt B, Davis CE*. (2005) Species-specific bacteria identification using differential mobility spectrometry and bioinformatics pattern recognition. Analytical Chemistry 77(18): 5930-5937. DOI: 10.1021/ac050348i

Krebs MD, Zapata AM, Nazarov EG, Miller RA, Costa IS, Sonenshein AL, Davis CE*. (2005) Detection of biological and chemical agents using differential mobility spectrometry (DMS). IEEE Sensors Journal, Special Edition on Anti-Terrorism 5(4): 696-703. DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2005.845515

Krebs MD, Tingley RD, Zeskind JE, Kang JM, Holmboe ME, Davis CE*. (2004) Autoregressive modeling of analytical sensor data can yield classifiers in the predictor coefficient parameter space. Bioinformatics 21(8): 1325-31. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bti160

Davis CE, Patel MK, Miller JR, Tucker AL, Mounsey JP, Jones LR, Moorman JR*. (2004) Swelling-activated ion currents and volume regulation of embryonic kidney cells: effects of phospholemman expression. Neurochemical Research 29(1): 177-187. DOI: 10.1023/

Davis CE, Rychak JJ, Hosticka B, Davis SC, John JE, Norris PM, Moorman JR*. (2004) A novel technique to measure dynamic cell volume changes. Journal of Applied Physiology 96(5): 1886-1893. DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00268.2003

Davis CE*, Kang JM, Dube CE, Borenstein JT, Nazarov EG, Miller RA, Zapata AM. (2003) Spore biomarker detection using a MEMS Differential Mobility Spectrometer. The 12th IEEE International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Microsystems Conference, IEEE Proceedings Vol 2: 1233-1238. DOI: 10.1109/SENSOR.2003.1216995

Blain-Christen JM, Davis CE, Li M, Andreou AG*. (2002) Robust Polymeric Techniques for Design, Post-processing and Packaging Arrays of Bio-MEMS Devices. Proceedings from The Tenth Meeting of the Symposium on Polymers for Microelectronics. Vol 1: 700-703.

Blain-Christen JM, Davis CE, Li M, Andreou AG*. (2002) Design, double sided post-processing, and packaging of CMOS compatible bio-MEMS device arrays. Circuits and Systems, 2002. ISCAS 2002. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. Vol 1: 665-668.

§Kao WY, §Davis CE, Kim YI, Beach JM*. (2001) Fluorescence emission spectral shift measurements of membrane potential in single cells. (§joint first authors). Biophysical Journal 81(2):1163-70. DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3495(01)75773-6

Kim YI*, Joo C, Cheng CC, Davis CE, O'Shaughnessy TJ. (1996) Neuromuscular transmission in a transgenic animal model of motor neuron disease. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology. IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, IEEE Proceedings Vol 4: 1773-1775. DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.1996.647655

Issued Patents

Straume T, Loftus DJ, Li J, Davis CE, Singh AK, Coleman MA. Portable medical diagnosis instrument. Issued 21 NOV 2017. US Patent #9,824,870.

Davis CE, Bardaweel H, Zamuruyev K, Deplanque JP, Kenyon NJ. Micro-analyzer with passive aggregator. Issued 26 JUL 2016. US Patent #9,398,881.

Zapata AM, Kim ES, Agrawal P, Krebs MD, Davis CE. Apparatus and systems for processing samples for analysis via ion mobility spectrometry. Issued 29 JUN 2011. US Patent #7,968,842.

Miller RA, Nazarov EG, Zapata AM, Davis CE, Eiceman GA, Bashall AD. Systems for differential ion mobility analysis. Issued 18 AUG 2009. US Patent #7,576,319

Merrick WF, Zeskind JE, Krebs MD, Davis CE. Monitoring drinking water quality using differential mobility spectrometry. Issued 30 DEC 2008. US Patent #7,470,898

Zapata AM, Kim ES, Agrawal P, Krebs MD, Davis CE. Apparatus and systems for processing samples for analysis via ion mobility spectrometry. Issued 17 JUN 2008. US Patent #7,388,195

Miller RA, Nazarov EG, Zapata AM, Davis CE, Eiceman GA, Bashall AD. Systems for differential ion mobility analysis. Issued 08 APR 2008. US Patent #7,355,170

Miller RA, Nazarov EG, Zapata AM, Davis CE, Eiceman GA, Bashall AD. Systems for differential ion mobility analysis. Issued 06 JUN 2006. US Patent #7,057,168

Miller RA, Nazarov EG, Zapata AM, Davis CE, Eiceman GA, Bashall AD. Systems for differential ion mobility analysis. Issued 10 JUL 2007. US Patent #7,241,989